Photo of a Woman with White Teeth
Dr.Michael Richer

Doctor of Dental Surgery

Graduated from the State University of Buffalo with a Bachelors in Biology

Graduated from the University of Toronto Faculty of Dentistry

Ranked among the Top 10 Dental Schools in North America

Oral Hygiene Basics

Written By: Dr. Michael Richer

Maintaining good oral hygiene is necessary for the health, function, and aesthetics of your teeth and gums. Oral hygiene involves regularly cleaning your teeth and gums to promote good oral health and fresh breath.

In addition to daily brushing and flossing, it is prudent to schedule regular dental exams and professional cleanings with your dentist. Preventative dentistry plays a significant role in achieving an attractive smile and sustainable oral health.

The Importance of Oral Hygiene in Your Life

Oral hygiene is a preventive measure, allowing you to proactively address oral health issues before they develop. Taking proper care of your teeth and gums can prevent problems such as cavities, gum disease, halitosis (bad breath), and other oral health concerns.

Oral health is closely linked with your overall well-being. For instance, if an infection occurs in your mouth, harmful bacteria can enter your bloodstream and potentially affect other parts of your body, leading to serious health concerns like cardiovascular disease and stroke. Maintaining the health of your teeth and gums is essential for your long-term health.

Signs of Poor Oral Hygiene


Tooth pain should never be ignored. Even if you improve your cleaning routine, the pain may persist, indicating significant tooth decay that has reached the inner nerve of the tooth.

Swollen or Bleeding Gums

If your gums bleed, appear swollen, change color, or recede, it is a sign that your oral hygiene needs attention. These symptoms may indicate an underlying issue with your gum health, with persistent swelling suggesting an irritant beneath the gums.

Dry Mouth

Dry mouth, although not directly caused by poor oral hygiene, often accompanies other symptoms. It can contribute to additional oral health problems or signal the presence of other issues, such as dietary deficiencies.


Neglected oral health can lead to oral infections like thrush. Thrush is commonly found in children, older adults, and individuals with weakened immune systems. It presents as white, raised lesions on the soft tissues inside the mouth.

Canker Sores

While canker sores and cold sores can occur in healthy mouths, their frequency may increase if oral health is compromised. If you develop large, frequent, or painful sores, it is crucial to consult your dentist promptly.

Paying attention to these signs and promptly seeking dental care can help address oral health issues and maintain a healthy mouth.

Advantages of Maintaining Good Oral Hygiene

Prevention of Tooth Decay and Gum Disease

One of the primary benefits of practicing good oral hygiene is the prevention of cavities and gingivitis. You can effectively eliminate these common oral health concerns by brushing your teeth properly at least twice a day and flossing every day.

Gum disease, also known as gingivitis, is characterized by inflammation of the gums and is the initial stage of gum disease. It is caused by the accumulation of plaque around the teeth. This condition can lead to swollen gums and bleeding when brushing. Regularly removing plaque is essential to maintaining a healthy mouth.

Preservation of a Bright Smile

While teeth whitening treatments are available, regular brushing with a tooth-whitening fluoride toothpaste can help remove stains and discoloration on your teeth. Toothpaste contains mild abrasives that help eliminate debris and surface stains, contributing to a fresh, healthy, and white smile. 

Reduced Healthcare Costs Over Time

Taking care of your oral health can lead to significant savings in healthcare costs over your lifetime. By preventing cavities, avoiding tooth replacement, and minimizing the risk of systemic diseases like diabetes and heart conditions, you can save thousands of dollars. The cost of toothpaste, floss, and regular dental check-ups is a small investment compared to the overall health and well-being it provides.

Tips to Maintain Excellent Oral Hygiene

Oral hygiene plays a vital role in preserving the health of your teeth and gums and safeguarding your overall well-being. Poor oral health can contribute to various illnesses like heart disease and diabetes. Follow these oral hygiene practices to promote a healthy mouth:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes. Utilize a toothbrush with soft bristles and use fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss once a day to remove plaque and debris from between the teeth and along the gumline.
  • Use mouthwash to eliminate residual food particles that may remain after brushing and flossing.
  • Replace your toothbrush once the bristles become frayed or worn.
  • Minimize or avoid tobacco usage, as it can significantly impact your oral health.
  • Limit the consumption of acidic and sugary foods. Sugar nourishes the bacteria in your mouth, leading to plaque formation. By reducing sugar intake, you can create a healthier oral environment.
  • Schedule periodic dental checkups and professional cleanings to maintain your oral health and address any emerging issues promptly.

Remember to contact your dentist as soon as you encounter any oral health concerns. Investing in your oral health yields benefits for your overall well-being. Healthy teeth and gums enhance your appearance, improve your ability to eat and speak comfortably, and help prevent numerous health complications in the long run.

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How Frequently Should I Schedule Dental Exams and Professional Cleanings?

As recommended by the American Dental Association (ADA), the frequency of dental exams and cleanings should be determined by your dentist based on your individual needs. While many individuals typically require cleanings every six months to maintain healthy teeth and gums, those more susceptible to cavities or gum disease may need more frequent visits.

For instance, patients with gum disease often benefit from seeing their dentist every three to four months. This schedule accounts for the faster colonization of oral bacteria in certain individuals. It is advisable to consult with your dentist and seek their professional guidance to determine the appropriate cleaning schedule for you.

Choose Preventative Dentistry with the Leading Hicksville Dentists

Receive high-quality preventative dentistry and family dental services and treatments at R+R Dental in Hicksville, NY with highly rated dentists Dr. Nadia Rivera and Dr. Michael Richer. Call us today at (347) 431-0657 to schedule an appointment, or contact us online.

Michael Richer

Graduated from the State University of Buffalo with a Bachelors in Biology

Graduated from the University of Toronto Faculty of Dentistry

Ranked among the Top 10 Dental Schools in North America

754 S. Broadway

Hicksville, NY 11801

(516) 874-7834

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